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What are the top 10 diseases in Korea?


Korea has seen a significant improvement in its healthcare system over the past few decades. However, like any other country, Korea is not immune to diseases. In this article, we will discuss the top 10 diseases that affect the Korean population.


Cancer is the leading cause of death in Korea. According to the National Cancer Center, lung cancer is the most common type of cancer in Korea, followed by stomach and colorectal cancers. The incidence of liver cancer is also high due to high rates of hepatitis B.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases are responsible for a significant number of deaths in Korea. Hypertension, coronary artery disease, and stroke are the most common types of cardiovascular diseases in Korea. Risk factors include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity.


Pneumonia is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Korea. According to the Ministry of Health and Welfare, pneumonia is the fourth leading cause of death. Pneumonia is caused by bacterial or viral infections and can be prevented through vaccination.


Tuberculosis is a highly infectious disease that affects the lungs. It is one of the top 10 diseases in Korea, with a high incidence rate. The disease spreads through coughing and sneezing and can be prevented through vaccination.


Hepatitis is a viral infection that affects the liver. Hepatitis B and C are prevalent in Korea and can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis can be prevented through vaccination and avoiding contact with contaminated blood.

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels. It is a growing health concern in Korea, with an increasing incidence rate. Risk factors include obesity, physical inactivity, and a high-calorie diet.

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects the brain. It is the most common type of dementia in Korea. Risk factors include aging, genetic predisposition, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption.

Respiratory Diseases

Respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are prevalent in Korea. According to the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, around 10% of the population suffers from asthma, and COPD is the fifth leading cause of death.

Mental Health Disorders

Mental health disorders are becoming increasingly prevalent in Korea. Depression and anxiety disorders are the most common types of mental health disorders in Korea. Risk factors include stress, social isolation, and genetic predisposition.


Arthritis is a common condition that affects the joints. According to the Arthritis Foundation of Korea, around 25% of adults over 65 years old suffer from arthritis. Risk factors include aging, obesity, and joint injuries.


In conclusion, Korea faces a range of health challenges like any other country. The top 10 diseases that affect the Korean population include cancer, cardiovascular diseases, pneumonia, tuberculosis, hepatitis, diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer’s disease, respiratory diseases, mental health disorders, and arthritis. Prevention and early detection are key to reducing the burden of these diseases on the Korean population.

What is the No 1 killer disease in Korea?

The leading contributor to death and disability in 2019 is Non-communicable disease known as Stroke, and it has experienced a 5.70% rise since 2009. The percentage change is shown on the axis, ranging from a decline of 30% to an increase of 33%.

What are prevalent diseases in Korea?

The prevalence of chronic diseases increased as individuals got older. Among all participants, hypertension was the most common, affecting 26.04% of people. This was followed by dyslipidemia (15.59%), arthritis (13.46%), diabetes (10.41%), heart disease (3.26%), and stroke (2.21%). These findings were reported on January 17th, 2022.

How healthy are Korean people?

South Korea has one of the healthiest populations in the world, with an average life expectancy of 83.3 years, according to the World Health Organisation. In fact, South Korea has the third longest-living population in the world, only surpassed by Japan and Switzerland. This is a remarkable achievement.

What is the most popular STD in Korea?

Between 2009 and 2014, trichomoniasis became the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease in South Korea with an average annual incidence rate of 276.8 cases per 100,000 individuals, followed by genital herpes, chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea, according to Table 1. This data was reported on December 9, 2016.

What is the brain disease in Korea?

The “brain-eating amoeba,” or Naegleria fowleri, is a single-celled organism that is often found in warm freshwater. Recently, a man in his 50s died from an infection caused by this amoeba after returning from a trip to Thailand, which is the first recorded case of the disease in South Korea. This information was reported by The Korea Times on December 27th, 2022.

Who is the serial killer Kim?

Kim Sun-ja, a South Korean serial killer, committed six poisonings between October 1986 and August 1988, resulting in the death of five people. The lethal poison used was potassium cyanide, which was added to beverages. She passed away in 1997.

In recent years, the Korean government has taken steps to improve the healthcare system and address the country’s health challenges. The government has implemented a National Cancer Screening Program to increase early detection of cancer and offers free hepatitis B vaccinations to infants. Additionally, the government has launched campaigns to promote healthy lifestyles and raise awareness about mental health issues.

Korea is also home to world-class hospitals and medical facilities, attracting patients from all over the world seeking advanced medical treatment. The government has also invested in research and development in the healthcare sector, with a focus on developing new treatments for diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer’s disease.

However, there are still challenges to be addressed in the Korean healthcare system. One issue is the high cost of healthcare, which can lead to disparities in access to care for low-income individuals. Additionally, there is a shortage of medical professionals in certain specialties, such as primary care physicians.

Overall, while Korea has made significant progress in improving its healthcare system, there is still work to be done to ensure that all individuals have access to quality care and can lead healthy lives.

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