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Why do Koreans go to public bath?


Korean culture is well-known for its unique customs and traditions, one of which is public bathhouses. These bathhouses, also called jjimjilbangs, are a common sight in Korea, and their popularity has been increasing in recent years. In this article, we will explore the reasons behind why Koreans go to public baths.

Hygiene and Health

Koreans value cleanliness and hygiene, and public baths offer them a way to achieve both. Public baths provide facilities like hot and cold pools, saunas, and steam rooms that help in detoxifying the body and improving blood circulation. Additionally, many Koreans believe that soaking in hot water can relieve stress and improve overall health.


Public baths are a space for socializing among Koreans. It is common for families and friends to visit public baths together to catch up on each other’s lives while relaxing in the warm waters. Some public baths even have entertainment facilities like karaoke rooms, internet cafes, and restaurants, making them an ideal place for bonding.


Public baths are relatively affordable compared to private spas or hot springs. They offer various packages with different services at reasonable prices, making them accessible to everyone regardless of their income level.

Cultural significance

Public baths have been an essential part of Korean culture for centuries. They were used as a place for communal cleansing before important events like weddings and funerals. Today, they remain an integral part of Korean life and continue to be popular among people of all ages.


Public baths offer a degree of privacy that is not available in other public spaces like swimming pools or beaches. Most public baths have separate areas for men and women with individual shower stalls, changing rooms, and lockers.


Public baths provide Koreans with a space to unwind and relax, away from the stresses of daily life. The serene atmosphere and soothing ambiance, coupled with a dip in warm water, can help alleviate stress and anxiety.

Therapeutic benefits

Public baths offer several therapeutic benefits like improving skin health, easing muscle and joint pain, and reducing inflammation. Many public baths offer additional services like massages, body scrubs, and acupuncture, which further enhance the therapeutic benefits.

Cultural exchange

Public baths are also an excellent place for cultural exchange among tourists and locals. Tourists can experience Korean culture firsthand by visiting public baths and interacting with locals while enjoying the facilities.

Escape from home

Many Koreans live in small apartments without access to private spaces like a bathtub. Public baths offer them an escape from their cramped living quarters and provide them with a sense of luxury that they may not have at home.

Traditional remedies

Koreans believe that soaking in hot water infused with medicinal herbs has various health benefits. Public baths often offer traditional remedies like mugwort, ginseng, and green tea-infused water that aid in detoxification, improve blood circulation, and boost immunity.

Community bonding

Public baths are not just a place for relaxation but also a community space where people come together to share experiences. They provide an opportunity for locals to connect with one another outside of work and build stronger community ties.


In conclusion, public baths are an integral part of Korean culture that offers various benefits to its patrons. From hygiene and health to socializing and cultural exchange, public baths have something for everyone. So, the next time you visit Korea, make sure to visit a public bathhouse, soak in the warm waters, and experience the unique Korean culture firsthand.

Are public baths a thing in Korea?

A jjimjilbang is a gender-segregated public bathhouse in South Korea that features hot tubs, showers, traditional saunas, and massage tables.

What’s the point of a bathhouse?

In the past, villagers who did manual labor would go to public bathhouses, which were often the only place to wash off. Wealthy Russians, on the other hand, sometimes had their own private bathhouses. Bathhouses were also seen as a spiritual experience and were often visited on Sundays, a tradition that still exists today.

Is bathing together normal in Korea?

In Korean culture, it is believed that taking a bath together can create a strong bond between individuals. This may be due to the fact that bathing takes a significant amount of time and requires individuals to be fully undressed, leaving nothing to hide.

Is it OK to kiss in public in South Korea?

Public displays of affection, specifically kissing, are viewed as inappropriate and disrespectful among older generations in South Korea. While younger adults are becoming more accepting of it, elders still discourage it. In South Korean culture, dressing well is an important way to show respect.

What is the Korean bathing method?

The Korean cleansing method, known as “seshin,” involves immersing the body in hot water and then using a thin, colorful loofah called a “Korean Italy towel” with a sandpaper-like texture to remove dirt, grime, and layers of dead skin that naturally accumulate on the body.

Are there still bathhouses in the US?

The National Park Service is responsible for protecting the biggest assortment of historic 20th century bathhouses found in the United States. This collection, known as Bathhouse Row, is located within Hot Springs National Park in Arkansas and is an integral part of the City of Hot Springs and the park itself.


Public baths are easily accessible in Korea, with many located in busy commercial areas and near public transportation. This makes them a convenient option for those who want to take a break from their daily routines and enjoy some relaxation time.

Environmental benefits

Public baths are also environmentally friendly as they promote water conservation. Instead of each person using their own bathtub or shower, public baths allow multiple people to use the same water. Additionally, public baths often have eco-friendly practices like using natural cleaning products and recycling water.

Cultural preservation

Public baths also serve as a way to preserve Korean culture. Many public baths incorporate traditional Korean architecture and design elements, giving patrons a glimpse into the country’s rich history. Moreover, public baths provide an opportunity for younger generations to learn about and appreciate their cultural heritage.

Gender inclusivity

While most public baths have separate areas for men and women, some establishments offer gender-inclusive facilities. These facilities provide a safe space for people who identify outside of the binary gender norms to enjoy the benefits of public baths without feeling excluded.

Tourist attraction

Public baths have become a popular tourist attraction in Korea, with many visitors eager to experience this unique aspect of Korean culture. Several public baths cater specifically to tourists by offering language services, cultural experiences, and other amenities that make them more accessible to non-Korean speakers.

Improvement in mental health

Public baths not only offer physical health benefits but can also improve mental health. The warm waters, soothing ambiance, and lack of distractions can help reduce anxiety and promote relaxation. Some public baths even offer meditation rooms or yoga classes, further enhancing the mental health benefits.

Community events

Some public baths organize community events like movie nights, book clubs, or cooking classes, creating a sense of community beyond just relaxation. These events provide an opportunity for locals to connect with one another and build friendships.

Preservation of traditional practices

Public baths play a role in preserving traditional Korean practices like scrubbing and massage. Many public baths offer services like full-body scrubs or acupressure massages that have been passed down through generations. By continuing these practices, public baths help preserve Korea’s rich cultural heritage.


Public baths are also family-friendly, with many establishments offering facilities for children like water slides, play areas, and kid-sized pools. This makes public baths a great option for families looking to spend quality time together while enjoying the benefits of relaxation and rejuvenation.

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