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What do Koreans call Korea?


Korea is a fascinating country with a rich cultural heritage and language. The country is divided into two parts, North Korea and South Korea, with each having their own name for their country. In this article, we will explore what Koreans call Korea, the history behind the name, and its significance to Korean culture.

What is the official name of Korea?

Korea’s official name is the Republic of Korea (ROK), or Daehan Minguk in Korean. The ROK was founded in 1948 after World War II and is currently governed by President Moon Jae-in. The name “Daehan Minguk” has a deep meaning in Korean culture, representing the country’s long history and the spirit of its people.

What do North Koreans call their country?

North Korea’s official name is the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), or Choson Minjujuui Inmin Konghwaguk in Korean. The name “Choson” refers to an ancient kingdom that existed from 1392 to 1897, which is considered the foundation of modern-day Korea.

What do South Koreans call their country?

South Koreans refer to their country as Hanguk, which translates to “Korean country.” This name reflects South Korea’s focus on its unique cultural identity and heritage.

The significance of the names

The names given to Korea by North and South Koreans have significant historical and cultural importance. They represent the country’s rich heritage and diverse identity.

The origins of the word “Korea”

The word “Korea” is believed to have originated from the Goryeo dynasty, which ruled from 918 to 1392. During this time, the kingdom was known as Goryeo, and the name was later adopted by the Western world as “Korea.”

The Korean language

The Korean language is spoken by over 75 million people worldwide and has a unique structure and grammar. The language is written using Hangul, a writing system that was invented in the 15th century.

Korean culture

Korean culture is known for its rich history, art, music, cuisine, and technology. The country has produced influential figures such as film director Bong Joon-ho and K-pop sensation BTS.

Korean traditions

Korean culture is steeped in traditions such as respect for elders, Confucianism, and Buddhism. These traditions play a significant role in shaping the country’s identity and values.

Korean cuisine

Korean cuisine is known for its spicy and flavorful dishes such as kimchi, bulgogi, and bibimbap. The country’s food is also recognized for its health benefits and use of fresh ingredients.

The Korean Wave

The Korean Wave, or Hallyu in Korean, refers to the global interest in Korean entertainment and culture. This trend has gained popularity worldwide in recent years through K-pop music, Korean dramas, films, and fashion.


In conclusion, Korea is a country with a rich cultural heritage and language. The names given to Korea by North and South Koreans are significant to the country’s history and identity. Understanding these names and their significance can help us appreciate Korean culture and its contribution to the world.

What do Korean people call South Korea?

In Korean, South Korea can be referred to as Daehan Min-guk which translates to “Great People’s Nation” or simply Hanguk which means “Han Nation” and is often used to refer to Korea as a whole. Alternatively, Namhan which means “South Han” can be used to specifically refer to South Korea.

Why is Korea not called Joseon?

The origin of the name Joseon/Choseon dates back to the period of 2333 BCE-108 BCE, while the name “Guryeo/Korea” emerged during the period of 37 BCE–668 CE. Therefore, the name Choseon existed before the name/character “Han,” which referred to the “Samhan/Three Kingdoms” era, and “Korea” followed soon after.

How do North Koreans call South Koreans?

North Koreans refer to South Korea as “South Choson” while South Koreans refer to North Korea as “North Han.” This naming difference has been observed as of November 18, 2021.

What do Korean guys call girls?

Jagiya, which means “honey”, “darling” or “baby” in Korean, is one of the most commonly used terms of endearment among couples in K-dramas. It can be shortened to “jagi” and is used for both men and women. It’s often paired with other Korean love phrases to express affection.

Does South Korea call itself Korea?

The governments of both North and South Korea lay claim to the entire Korean Peninsula. The northern government calls itself the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, while the southern government is known as the Republic of Korea.

Why are twins not allowed in Joseon era?

In the Joseon era, there was a belief that having twins could bring bad luck. As a result, it was common for one of the twins to be eliminated, with the girl twin being the most likely to be chosen since women were considered inferior and unable to inherit the throne.

Korean history

Korean history is long and complex, with periods of both peace and conflict. The country has faced numerous invasions and wars throughout its history, including the Japanese occupation and the Korean War. However, Korea has also seen great cultural achievements, such as the creation of Hangul, the invention of printing technology, and advancements in science and technology.

Korean society

Korean society is hierarchical, with a strong emphasis on social status and respect for authority. Family values are also highly valued, with a focus on filial piety and loyalty to one’s family. However, Korea is also rapidly modernizing and becoming more diverse, with younger generations challenging traditional norms and embracing new ideas.

Korean art

Korean art is diverse and encompasses many different mediums, including ceramics, painting, sculpture, and calligraphy. Traditional Korean art often features nature-inspired motifs such as flowers, birds, and landscapes. Today, contemporary Korean artists are gaining recognition on the global stage for their innovative and boundary-pushing works.

Korean religion

Korea has a rich religious history that includes Confucianism, Buddhism, Shamanism, and Christianity. These religions have influenced Korean culture and society in various ways. Confucianism has shaped Korean values such as respect for elders and education, while Buddhism has played a significant role in Korean art and architecture.

Korean innovation

South Korea has become known as a hub for technological innovation, with companies such as Samsung, LG, and Hyundai leading the way in industries such as electronics, automobiles, and shipbuilding. South Korea’s focus on education and research has helped drive this growth, leading to advancements in fields such as robotics, artificial intelligence, and biotechnology.

Korean tourism

Korea is becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination, with attractions such as historical sites, natural wonders, and cultural events. The country is also known for its shopping and nightlife, with cities like Seoul offering a vibrant and exciting atmosphere. Popular tourist destinations in Korea include the ancient city of Gyeongju, the scenic Jeju Island, and the bustling Myeong-dong shopping district in Seoul.

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