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Do Koreans prefer son or daughter?


Korea is known for its strict family values and gender roles. In the past, having a son was considered more favorable than having a daughter. However, with the changing times and societal norms, the preference of gender has also changed. In this article, we will explore whether Koreans still prefer sons over daughters or vice versa.

Korean Culture and Gender Preference

In Korean culture, having a son was preferred as they would carry on the family name and take care of the parents in their old age. Daughters, on the other hand, were expected to get married and move out of their parents’ home. This preference towards sons was so strong that some families resorted to gender selection methods.

The Changing Times

As South Korea’s economy grew, women started to enter the workforce, and societal norms began to change. The government also introduced policies to promote gender equality. This shift in societal norms has led to a change in preference towards gender.

Preference towards Daughters

With more women becoming independent and financially stable, many families now prefer having daughters over sons. Daughters are seen as responsible and caring towards their parents, especially in their old age. They are also less likely to move away from their parents.

Preference towards Sons

Despite the changing times, some families still prefer having sons over daughters. Sons are still seen as carrying on the family name and taking care of their parents in their old age. Some families also believe that sons have better job opportunities and can provide financial stability.

The Impact of Education

Education plays a significant role in changing societal norms and preferences towards gender. As more girls are educated, they are more likely to pursue higher education and enter high-paying jobs. This shift in education has led to more families preferring daughters over sons.

Gender Imbalance

The preference towards sons has led to a gender imbalance in South Korea, where there are more men than women. This gender imbalance has led to social problems such as an increase in the number of single men and a decline in the birth rate.

Government Policies

The South Korean government has introduced policies to promote gender equality and encourage families to have daughters. These policies include tax benefits for families with daughters and scholarships for girls to pursue higher education.

The Role of Religion

Religion also plays a role in gender preference in South Korea. Some religions, such as Confucianism, place a strong emphasis on traditional gender roles, which may lead to a preference towards sons. However, Christianity, which is prevalent in South Korea, places importance on gender equality, which may lead to a preference towards daughters.

Individual Preferences

Ultimately, individual preferences play a significant role in gender preference in South Korea. Some families may prefer sons, while others may prefer daughters. This preference can be influenced by various factors such as religion, education, and societal norms.

The Impact of Globalization

Globalization has also played a role in changing preferences towards gender in South Korea. As more Koreans travel abroad and are exposed to different cultures and norms, they may adopt different preferences towards gender.


In conclusion, the preference towards son or daughter in South Korea has changed over time due to various factors such as education, government policies, religion, and globalization. While some families still prefer sons over daughters or vice versa, the overall trend is moving towards gender equality and individual preferences.

Why do Koreans prefer sons?

In the past, Korean parents have typically favored having sons over daughters, but this trend may be changing. The desire for male children in Korea is related to cultural and financial reasons, such as the passing down of family inheritance and name.

Is there a son preference in South Korea?

In certain countries such as South Korea, the preference for sons may be influenced by cultural beliefs, including Confucianism, which values male descendants as a continuation of the lineage. This has been suggested by researchers such as Chung and Das Gupta (2007), Edlund and Lee (2013), and Larsen et al. (2020). These scholars also note that non-economic factors may play a role in this preference.

Which countries have daughter preference?

In many Latin American/Caribbean countries, some Southeast Asian countries, and about one-third of sub-Saharan African nations, there is a common preference for having a daughter.

Do moms prefer sons or daughters?

Historically, parents around the world have shown a preference for having sons over daughters, and this trend has been evident in American society as well. However, recent indications suggest that this attitude may be shifting, potentially due to a decrease in prejudice against girls and an increase in bias against boys.

Why is son so famous in Korea?

Son is a unique and exceptional football player, and there has never been a scorer like him in Korean football history. Fans in Korea are proud that a Korean player has achieved such a high level of success in a field where few Asians have excelled.

Do dads prefer sons or daughters?

Since 1941, Gallup has conducted surveys on American preferences for baby genders, and the outcomes remain relatively stable, with a small preference for male offspring over female. This trend has persisted over the years.

It is important to note that gender preference can also vary depending on the region in South Korea. For example, in rural areas, where traditional values are still prevalent, there may be a stronger preference towards sons. However, in urban areas, where there is greater exposure to Western culture and more opportunities for women, the preference may lean towards daughters.

Furthermore, it is worth mentioning that gender preference is not unique to South Korea but is prevalent in many countries around the world. In some cultures, having a son is still considered more desirable than having a daughter. This preference can lead to harmful practices such as sex-selective abortion and infanticide.

It is crucial to continue promoting gender equality and educating people on the harmful effects of gender preference. This education should start at a young age, as children are often influenced by their parents’ beliefs and societal norms.

In conclusion, while preferences towards gender in South Korea have shifted over time, there is still work to be done in achieving true gender equality. It is up to individuals and society as a whole to challenge traditional gender roles and promote equal opportunities for all genders.

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