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Are there public baths in Korea?

Are There Public Baths in Korea?

In South Korea, public bathing has been a long-standing tradition that dates back to the ancient times. These days, public baths or jjimjilbangs are still widely used and cherished by Koreans as a place to relax, socialize, and rejuvenate their bodies. If you’re traveling to Korea soon, here’s what you need to know about public baths in Korea:

The History of Public Bathing in Korea

Public bathing has been a part of Korean culture for thousands of years. In the past, many Korean homes didn’t have their own bathrooms, so people would use public baths or hot springs as a place to clean themselves. Over time, public baths became a social hub where people gathered to relax and chat with friends.

What Are Jjimjilbangs?

Jjimjilbangs are modern-day public bathhouses that offer a range of facilities including hot and cold pools, saunas, steam rooms, and massage services. They’re open 24/7 and are affordable for everyone. Some jjimjilbangs also have sleeping rooms where patrons can spend the night.

How to Use Jjimjilbangs

If you’re new to jjimjilbangs, the process can be a bit intimidating at first. Here’s how it works: first, pay the entrance fee at the front desk (usually around 10,000 won or $10). Then, you’ll be given a key to a locker where you can store your clothes and belongings. After changing into your jjimjilbang uniform (a t-shirt and shorts), you can explore the different facilities.

The Benefits of Public Bathing

Public bathing has many health benefits, including improved circulation, reduced stress, and detoxification. Many Koreans visit jjimjilbangs regularly as a way to improve their overall health and well-being.

Etiquette at Jjimjilbangs

As with any public place, there are certain rules you should follow when visiting a jjimjilbang. For example, it’s important to shower before entering the pools or saunas. You should also be respectful of others and keep noise levels to a minimum.

The Different Types of Jjimjilbangs

There are many different types of jjimjilbangs in Korea, ranging from small local bathhouses to large, luxury spas. Some jjimjilbangs even have unique themes such as outdoor hot springs or traditional Korean architecture.

How to Find Jjimjilbangs

Jjimjilbangs can be found all throughout Korea, from big cities to small towns. Many are located near train stations or bus terminals, making them easily accessible for travelers. You can also use online resources like Google Maps or Naver to find jjimjilbangs in your area.

What to Bring to Jjimjilbangs

When visiting a jjimjilbang, it’s important to bring a few essentials with you. This includes a towel, toiletries (shampoo, conditioner, soap), and a change of clothes for after your visit.

Special Considerations for Foreigners

While jjimjilbangs are open to everyone, there are a few things foreigners should keep in mind when visiting. For example, some jjimjilbangs may not allow tattoos, so it’s important to check beforehand. It’s also a good idea to learn a few basic Korean phrases in case you need to communicate with staff or other patrons.


Public baths or jjimjilbangs are an important part of Korean culture that offer many health benefits and a unique social experience. If you’re traveling to Korea, be sure to visit a jjimjilbang and experience this beloved tradition for yourself.


1. “Jjimjilbang.” Visit Korea.

2. “Jjimjilbang: An Introduction to Korea’s Public Bathhouses.” Culture Trip.

3. “Jjimjilbang: How to Enjoy the Korean Bathhouse Experience.” TripSavvy.

Why do Koreans go to public bath?

Prior to the 1970s-80s, numerous households in Korea did not have adequate space to take a shower at home, necessitating a trip to public baths for proper body cleansing.

Is bathing together normal in Korea?

In Korean culture, it is believed that taking a bath together can strengthen the bond between two people. This idea may stem from the fact that bathing is a time-consuming process that requires complete undressing, leaving nothing hidden from the other person.

Are there still bathhouses in Korea?

These new bathhouses, located primarily in Seoul, offer a unique twist on traditional Korean bathing culture by including full body scrubs, a crucial part of the experience. Despite the modern updates, they still manage to preserve the essence of Korean traditional bathing.

Are Korean bathhouses unisex?

Jjimjilbang, or Korean spas, are large public bathhouses that are separated by gender and feature hot tubs, showers, traditional massage tables, and a communal unisex area where visitors can relax on heated floors, watch TV, and enjoy snacks.

Do South Koreans kiss in public?

Public displays of affection, particularly kissing, are considered inappropriate and immodest by older generations in South Korea, though younger people are more accepting. Dressing well is highly valued in South Korean culture as a sign of respect.

What does a half body bath mean in Korea?

Soaking only your lower body in a hot bath can improve blood flow by creating a temperature contrast between the upper and lower halves of your body. This increased circulation can help relieve muscle tension, aid in detoxification, and promote relaxation of the nervous system. This technique is effective and beneficial for your health.

COVID-19 Safety Measures

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, many jjimjilbangs have implemented safety measures to protect their patrons. This includes mandatory temperature checks at the entrance, requiring masks to be worn in common areas, and increased cleaning and disinfection of facilities. Some jjimjilbangs have also limited their capacity to ensure social distancing.

Gender Segregation

It’s important to note that most jjimjilbangs have separate areas for men and women. This means that if you’re traveling with someone of the opposite sex, you won’t be able to enjoy the facilities together. However, some larger jjimjilbangs may have co-ed areas where couples or families can spend time together.

The Role of Jjimjilbangs in Korean Society

Jjimjilbangs are more than just a place to bathe and relax – they’re an important part of Korean society. They serve as a gathering place for friends and family, a spot for solo travelers to meet new people, and even a temporary home for those in need. Some jjimjilbangs offer job-seeking services or provide shelter for homeless individuals during extreme weather conditions.


Overall, visiting a jjimjilbang is a must-do experience when traveling to Korea. Not only will you have the opportunity to relax and rejuvenate your body, but you’ll also get a glimpse into Korean culture and society. Just remember to follow the rules and etiquette guidelines, and you’re sure to have a memorable experience.

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